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Espresso Systems is an ecosystem with contributors around the world. Single-shot scaling & privacy solution for Web3. Bring low-fees and better privacy to your Web3 applications with Espresso, a high-throughput EVM-compatible blockchain.
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О проекте Espresso

Espresso is designed to natively support credentials and attestations in order to power applications like DeFi permissioned pools, credit scoring, and more. Espresso's products are designed so that parties can verify user credentials without seeing all the details.

At Espresso Systems, they are building the scaling and privacy solutions that will unlock new possibilities for Web3 applications and usher in the next generation of users.

Espresso Systems is developing Espresso: a layer 1 blockchain system that combines proof-of-stake consensus and a ZK-Rollup mechanism to achieve high throughput and low fees. Espresso has also developed Configurable Asset Privacy for Ethereum (CAPE), an application that can run on any EVM blockchain (and will eventually run on Espresso natively). CAPE enables asset creators to offer users customized privacy guarantees.

Espresso Systems has developed the Configurable Asset Privacy (CAP) protocol, which enables digital assets to have customized privacy properties. The first application of CAP is CAPE (Configurable Asset Privacy for Ethereum). CAPE is a smart contract application that asset creators can use to bring new assets with custom privacy into existence and to generate CAPE versions of existing Ethereum assets, endowing ERC-20s and eventually ERC-721s with privacy properties. While CAPE can be run on any EVM blockchain, we will be deploying it soon as a demo on the Ethereum Rinkeby testnet with ultimate plans to migrate the application to Espresso and enable interaction with Ethereum assets via a token bridge.   Asset creators can create new assets on CAPE that have never existed before and are not tied to any Ethereum token: these are called domestic CAPE assets. Additionally, asset creators can use CAPE to offer end users versions of existing Ethereum tokens that have custom privacy guarantees. For end users, this function of moving tokens from Ethereum into CAPE is called wrapping: when users wrap Ethereum tokens with CAPE, they lock those tokens and mint them 1:1 within the CAPE system. CAPE assets can then be unwrapped back into Ethereum tokens with no more privacy guarantees. Every asset within CAPE has a viewing policy associated with it that designates who can see select transaction data. Other types of policies are also possible. In CAPE, users own asset records which specify the asset type, the amount, and the owner’s address. The system publishes short, hidden representations of these records called commitments. A transaction is composed of:
  • a list of nullifiers which mark the inputs as spent without revealing their content
  • new output record commitments to be published, and
  • a zero-knowledge proof that ensures the nullifiers and the new records are correctly computed, and also that the privacy policies for those records are satisfied.
Rather than submitting CAPE transactions directly to the CAPE Ethereum smart contract, users instead submit transactions to a relayer. The relayer then forwards CAPE transaction data to the CAPE smart contract to be validated. An observer of the system would not be able to see any of the details of the transaction unless they possessed a designated viewing key. Also, since the relayer submits CAPE transactions to the CAPE smart contract and pays the accompanying Ethereum gas fee, the Ethereum transaction fee is not linkable to the original user on the blockchain.


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Espresso Команда

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Ben Fisch
Charles Lu
Jill Gunter
Chief Strategy Officer
Benedikt Bünz
Chief Scientist
Michael Mosier
General Counsel

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